Filipino refers to the citizens of the Philippines.
It came from the word Filipinas which is the original name of the country. Ferdinand Magellan named it in honor of King Phillip the II of Spain.
Derived from the phrase “Las Islas Filipinas” which means “the Philippine islands”. Thus, its citizens, the Filipinos.
“Filipinas” became “Philippines” during the American regime in the country. That being its English or Anglicized term.
Philippines has several versions around the world. Philippinen by German, Fillippyne by Africans and the original Spanish term, Filipinas.
Philippines and the Language.
Following the Philippine independence from the American colonization in June 12, 1898, the country has established its own national language with its own set of Alphabets. The language was called the Filipino language while the alphabet was called ABAKADA.
Since there was no “F” in the original ABAKADA, Filipino then became Pilipino and Filipinas or Philippines to Pilipinas. Pilipinas remains the term used in important documents such as the Philippine passport.
Due to the evolution of the Filipino alphabet which now has 28 letters including ‘F”, after adding some Spanish and English letters, Pilipino and Pilipinas is now again called Filipino and Philippines specially during international meetings and gatherings.
Pilipino and Pilipinas however, are still being used by a number of Filipinos because it somewhat symbolizes patriotism. Not only for the Country but for our own national language as well.
“Ang di marunong magmahal sa sariling wika ay higit pa sa hayop at malansang isda.”
A well-known quote by Dr. Jose P. Rizal that influenced the love for the Filipino language.
To date, specially in government offices and structures, you can still see words, phrases and names in either Filipino, English and Spanish languages or a combination of the three.
Republic of the Philippines sometimes written in Filipino as Republika ng Pilipinas. Bureau of Internal Revenue as Kwanihan ng Rentas Iternas. Bureau of Treasury as Ayutamiento de Manila, Department of Education as Kagawaran ng Edukasyon and a lot more.
Whether it’s Filipino or Pilipino, it refers to one and the same object which is the Citizen of the Philippines. Only Filipinas has an English version. Filipino or Pilipino was accepted as it is.
Philippines is a country of mixed races. It is not unusual for its language, names, or terminologies to be in part or in whole a combination of all of our fore-parents’ roots. This is something that makes the country and its people unique.