The Philippines gets hit by an average of 20 typhoons every year. These typhoons often destroy properties, cause flooding and landslides, and take the lives of many people. Have you ever wondered why the Philippines is prone to typhoons?


The Philippines sits in the “Pacific Ring of Fire” – this is a region where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions typically occur. Also, the Philippines is located in a region near the equator which is known as the “Typhoon Belt”.  In this region, typhoons and hurricanes are usually formed. The Philippines’ location makes this country one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. As the years go by, the intensity of the storms hitting the Philippines are becoming much stronger and Global Warming plays an important role in this.

In 2013, the Philippines was hit by one of the most powerful tropical cyclones ever recorded – the category 5 Super Typhoon Yolanda, which was internationally known as Typhoon Haiyan. This Super Typhoon killed the lives of many people (approximately 6,300) and destroyed properties amounting to 4.55 billion dollars.

The Philippines is located at the Pacific Ring of Fire and the Typhoon Belt
The Philippines is located at the Pacific Ring of Fire and the Typhoon Belt

The Philippines is an archipelago, which means that it is composed of many islands surrounded by a body of water. During summertime, the temperature in this country reaches up to 40 degrees Celsius and typhoons are dependent on a heat engine process that requires a warm body of water which means that the oceans surrounding the Philippines provide the necessary fuel needed for the development of typhoons. Also, the Philippines, being surrounded by oceans, sits in the pathway of these hurricanes and typhoons.

How typhoons are formed in Philippines
How typhoons are formed


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